The approval is issued by the Federal Office for Food Safety by notice. The approval is based on assessment reports and expert opinions by AGES experts in the fields of toxicology, residue behaviour, environmental behaviour and ecotoxicology, efficacy and phytotoxicity as well as physico-chemical properties.
On the basis of the results of the risk assessment, the Federal Office for Food Safety specifies risk reduction measures in the notification of approval and specifies the relevant product labelling of the plant protection products. The criteria for labelling are defined for all chemicals and thus also for pesticides by EU directives, which are implemented in Austria with the Chemicals Act and the regulations based on it (classification, risk rates, safety instructions). Other risk reduction measures to be implemented by the user include, for example, distance requirements to surface waters to protect non-target aquatic organisms, restrictions on use on flowering crops to protect bees or waiting times to be observed between last treatment and harvest. The authorisation of a plant protection product is granted for a maximum period of 10 years. An extension of the approval is only possible after a new comprehensive evaluation according to the current state of scientific knowledge and technology.
Regulation (EC) 1107/2009 on the placing of plant protection products on the market lays down uniform EU-wide rules on the documents to be submitted by applicants.
For applications for approval, the forms drawn up by the Federal Office for Food Safety for the individual approval procedures must be used.
EU Regulation 1107/2009 and the Plant Protection Products Act 2011 entered into force on 14 June 2011. This repealed the Plant Protection Products Act 1997, the Equal Opportunities Ordinance of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Equal Opportunities Ordinance of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Furthermore, on 25 July 2011, the Plant Protection Products Ordinance 2011 was published in BGBl. II No. 233/2011. The Ordinance on the Plant Protection Products Act 2011 will enter into force in essential parts on 14 June 2011, but also contains important transitional provisions regarding application procedures and the authorisation of plant protection products.
Article 53 of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 provides that in certain circumstances the placing on the market of a plant protection product for a limited and controlled use may be authorised for a period not exceeding 120 days, provided that such a measure proves necessary in the light of a risk which cannot be contained otherwise.
Emergency authorisation is an important instrument, especially in organic farming, to enable effective plant protection and to be able to deal with exceptional situations in a targeted manner. In order to facilitate this situation and to ensure a structured approach to application, guidelines for emergency situations in plant protection have now been developed. These guidelines provide for 6 different categories of plant protection products for which different requirements apply to applications for authorisation.
The guidelines below are binding for all applications pursuant to Article 53 of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 submitted to the Federal Office for Food Safety as of 1 June 2016.